Keywords: Conditional volatilitySkewness and kurtosisGram–Charlier series expansionStock indices
Abstract: This paper proposes a GARCH-type model allowing for time-varying volatility, skewness and kurtosis. The model is estimated assuming a Gram–Charlier (GC) series expansion of the normal density function for the error term, which is easier to estimate than the non-central t distribution proposed by [Harvey, C. R. & Siddique, A. (1999). Autorregresive Conditional Skewness. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis 34, 465–487). Moreover, this approach accounts for time-varying skewness and kurtosis while the approach by Harvey and Siddique [Harvey, C. R. & Siddique, A. (1999). Autorregresive Conditional Skewness. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis 34, 465–487] only accounts for non-normal skewness. We apply this method to daily returns of a variety of stock indices and exchange rates. Our results indicate a significant presence of conditional skewness and kurtosis. It is also found that specifications allowing for time-varying skewness and kurtosis outperform specifications with constant third and fourth moments.