Battaglia, M., and L. Lebedinski
World Development – 76 (2015), 62–81

Keywords: Primary education, Remedial education, Roma, Ethnic minority, Absences, Dropouts

Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of a remedial education program – the Roma Teaching Assistant Program – targeting the socially excluded Roma minority in Serbia. By using first-hand collected data, we find evidence that children exposed to the program went more to school. We do not find an effect on dropouts or marks for all grades. An examination of heterogeneous effects suggests that children in the first grade benefited more from the program as compared to their older peers through lower dropouts and better marks. Overall, our results suggest that well-targeted remedial education programs can boost outcomes of low performers.