Bozzoli, C., and C. Quintana-Domeque
Review of Economics and Statistics – 96.3 (2014), 550-562
Keywords: argentina, birth weight, trimester of pregnancy, economic crisis, macroeconomic shocks.
Abstract: We investigate how birth weight in Argentina responds to prenatal economic ﬂuctuations during the period from January 2000 to December 2005, and document its pro-cyclicality, in particular with respect to the ﬁrst and third trimesters of pregnancy. We ﬁnd evidence that the birth weight of children to low-educated mothers are sensitive to macroeconomic ﬂuctuations during both the ﬁrst and third trimester of pregnancy, while those of high-educated mothers only react to the ﬁrst trimester of pregnancy. Our results are consistent with low-educated women facing credit constraints and suffering from both nutritional deprivation and maternal stress, while high-educated women are only affected by stress.